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Brief biography of Mahatma Gandhi

 

2 Oct 1869  Mohandas Karamschand Gandhi is born.

1882  Gandhi marries Kasturbai Nakanji - both of them are thirteen.

1888  Trains as a lawyer in London.

1891  Gandhi returns to India as a lawyer.

1893

Gandhi starts work in South Africa

1896

Indians in South Africa are declined the right to vote

Return to India

 Travels with his family to Durban

Background information on the history of India and South Africa is available in the background section.

1899

Boer War

Works as a lawyer in Johannesburg

1904

Founds the periodical "Indian Opinion" and the Phoenix Farm

1906

Zulu uprising

1907

Registration law introduced in South Africa

1908

First Satyagraha campaign: Registration forms burned

1910

Expansion of the Tolstoi Farm close to Johannesburg

1913

Marriage laws introduced

Satyagraha March in protest to the marriage law and the three pound tax

1914

Discrimination laws lifted - journey to Britain - return to India

1915

The creation of his own Ashram

1918

Montford program of reforms

1919 

Amritsar Massacre

1920

Gandhi becomes leader of the Congress Party/INC (until 1934)

Non-cooperation campaign - general strike: Gandhi is sentenced to six years imprisonment

1924

Gandhi is released early from prison because of his deteriorating health

Spinning wheel campaign

1925

Autobiography "My Experiments with Truth" is published

1930

"Salt march" from Ahmedabad to Dandi

1931

Gandhi begins to stand up for India's untouchables - those without a caste

1939

Call for a boycott in the equipping and participation in the Second World War

1942

Japanese conquer Rangun in Burma

"Quit India campaign"

Imprisoned again. Kasturbai dies during his term in prison

Gandhi is released because of his poor health

1947

Partition of British-run India into Muslim Pakistan and Hindu India

Independence for both states (15th August)

Gandhi fasts until the unrest among the religious groups caused by the partition comes to an end 

1948

Bomb attack on Gandhi (20th January)

Gandhi is shot by a Hindi fanatic New Delhi (30th January)

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