Basic Course 2
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Basic Course 2: The Dimensions of Globalisation

The dimensions are very closely related... 

When differentiating between dimensions in the case of Figure Five, it is important to see that these are very difficult to isolate clearly. To name just one example, isolating environmental problems from the dimensions of 'economics' or 'politics' is impossible. The global networking of not just players, but also subject areas here, counts as a particular feature of globalisation.

Interfaces and Limitations...

The various dimensions involved form interfaces of various sizes with 'globalisation, since it is important to envisage all factors that are a part of globalisation, and the fact that these factors are in no way exhausted in economic processes, even if economic globalisation makes up the cause and is an important driving force. What is just as important is recognising that not everything is a part of globalisation, nor determined by it in essential terms.

Globalisation also has its limits. It is important to keep this in mind as a further step towards differentiated thinking. Interfaces - which, depending on the dimension, adopt various sizes- are concerned on the one hand, while on the other, the task involves distancing oneself from the term and its omnipresent use, in order to consider its limitations
(refer to the section on "Regionalisation" on a separate page").

Economic Dimensions...

Examples of each dimension can easily be found in the daily press, whereby the economic dimension is normally placed in the foreground (enormous growth in trade or direct investments, globalisation of the financial markets as a prime example, transnational integrated production, location competition of states and regions, end of national economies).

Here, it is frequently pointed out that these processes are wrongly labelled as 'globalisation', since the process is essentially reduced to North America, Europe and South-East Asia (Japan), or what are referred to as the Triads. The term 'triadisation' is therefore more appropriate.
(Refer to section on "Triadisation" on a separate page).

Environment as a Dimension...


Global problems such as the warming of the earth's atmosphere, the ozone hole, and the deforestation of the tropical rain forests best illustrate globalisation, since global problems are clearly being dealt with which need to be approached on a global level. Despite this, regional and local problems also exist concerning the environment, even if they demonstrate cross-border character, such as the pollution of rivers.

Furthermore, 'debordered' dependencies beyond space and time are made clear we realise that the survival of several distant tiny island states, which have joined to form AOSIS, and which are threatened in their existence by a continued rise in sea level, is dependent on the past and future behaviour of humanity, and in particular the populations of the highly developed industrial nations.

As a result, it is not surprising that the first in a series of
world conferences in the 90s, the Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, was dedicated to exactly these problems.

The Social Dimension...

The world is turning into a 'global village', new communication societies (chat, e-mail) communicating across great distances are being added to traditional societies such as the family or neighbourhood. However, they are not replacing these traditional areas of communication, to name just one example from the social dimension.

The Cultural Dimension...

Hollywood productions can be seen worldwide, not to deny an 'Americanisation' of culture. However, local and regional cultures do not become extinct because of this. On the contrary, the reflection on such cultures counts a one of the accompanying characteristics of globalisation, which is why the term 'glocalisation' has been introduced to the debate.

The political dimension...

Politics has to battle enormous problems. Globalisation and location competition limit the amount of leeway retained by national politics. Many problems can only be dealt with in a measured way at an international or global level. New forms of politics and arenas need to be found. European integration is seen here as a promising response to the challenges of globalisation.

What is still essentially territorial politics organised within the national framework increasingly lags behind the increasingly internationally or globally organised economy, devoid of borders or excess ballast. The social-state’s 'embedding' of capitalism threatens to fail due to this basic disproportion.

But globalisation is not actually guilty of everything that it is made out to be. Frequently, it serves politicians as a scapegoat and all-purpose weapon for argumentation. This aspect becomes clear as soon as examples from politics are taken, which do not count as interfaces to globalisation

Further Texts:
bullet Regionalisation instead of Globalisation?
bullet Triadisation instead of Globalisation?

... to to Basic Course 3: The causes of globalisation

[Author: Ragnar Müller]

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SubjectsHuman Rights  I  Examples  I  Democracy  I  Parties  I  Europe  I  Globalisation  I  United Nations  I  Sustainability

Methods:    Teaching Politics    II    Peace Education    II    Methods



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